Conventions Used in This Book

This section covers the various conventions used in this book.

Typographic Conventions

Constant width

Used for commands, command output, and switches

Constant width italic

Used for replaceable items in code and text


Used for file and directory names



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Note that the source code examples are just that—examples. While they should compile with the proper compiler incantations, they are intended to illustrate the problem at hand, not necessarily serve as examples of good programming style.